Comprehensive Clean-Energy Visions

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No non-specialist can be expected to master the hundreds of pages comprising the formal energy schemes sampled below, each of which comes with its own set of assumptions - regarding future energy demand, technological advances and political break-throughs - and corresponding criticisms.

Because it is the market (given a science-based regulatory environment) that can best determine which technologies are most economic given regional needs and resources, details in the make-up of the future clean-energy economy may differ substantially from what these studies contemplate.

But together, these reports illustrate - for private investors as well as public decision-makers - that the vision of reducing and ultimately eliminating fossil-fuel carbon emissions is based on the same kind of hard-nosed economic and technical research that built our current energy economy.



WWF/Ecofys 2011 - The Energy Report: 100% Renewable Energy by 2050
Greenpeace 2010 - energy [r]evolution
IPCC 2011 - Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation
WGBU 2009 - Solving The Climate Dilemma: The Budget Approach

(An outline of the emissions constraint that must govern mitigation approaches.)

United States

McKinsey & Company, 2009 - Pathways to a Low-Carbon Economy
Scientific American 2009 - A Plan for a Sustainable Future
UCS, 2009 - National Blueprint for a Clean Energy Economy
NRDC, 2008 - Transition to Green


Greenpeace, 2010 - energy [r]evolution: a sustainable energy outlook for Canada
Pembina Institute, 2009 - Climate Leadership, Economic Prosperity
NRTEE 2008 - Getting To 2050: Canada's Transition to a Low-Emission Future
Suzuki Foundation, 2005 - The Case For Deep Reductions (Jaccard Report)


Energy Research Institute, 2010 - Zero Carbon Australia


China, 2007 - China's National Climate Change Programme

(For more on China, see these PEW Center articles.)


European Climate Foundation, 2010 - Roadmap 2050
Price Waterhouse Coopers, 2010 - A Roadmap to 2050 for Europe and North Africa